The Three Types of CBD

Over the past several years, there have been many claims about the efficacy of CBD and CBD products. Companies that promote the use of CBD for marketing purposes have often fallen short when it comes to reporting the scientific facts behind the benefits. 

The Three Different Types of CBD

Karibo is committed to providing only the highest-quality CBD products to an informed customer base. With this in mind, we have prepared this information about the uses of CBD, how it’s produced, and the different types of CBD that are commercially available. 

Basic Facts About Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD is a shortened name for Cannabidiol, a chemical agent produced by marijuana and hemp plants. In marijuana, CBD is the second-most common chemical after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, it is the most common chemical ingredient in hemp, making hemp a more desirable crop for CBD extraction. Unlike THC, CBD does not directly affect the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, which is one of the reasons why CBD doesn’t have the same intoxicating effects as THC. Contrary to popular belief, CBD does not appear to boost serotonin levels. However, there is evidence that CBD positively impacts the way the brain’s neuroreceptors respond to your natural serotonin levels. This is where CBD earns its reputation for having antidepressant qualities. 

There are three types of CBD, and it would be helpful for you to familiarize yourself with the differences in them before you go shopping for CBD-infused Products

Full-Spectrum CBD

Both the cannabis plant and the hemp plant contain many chemical compounds, including CBD, THC, terpenes, and flavanoids. Full-spectrum CBD has all of these compounds. While full-spectrum CBD is mostly CBD, it can contain up to .3 percent (3/1000th) of THC. While this is probably not enough to get you high, it could be enough to show up on a drug test. 

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD is similar to full-spectrum CBD, with one important exception. Broad-spectrum CBD can’t contain anything but trace amounts of THC, but it does contain terpenes and flavanoids. You should not fail a drug test due to ingesting broad-spectrum CBD.

Isolate CBD

CBD isolate in its solitary state is a crystalline solid or a powder. This is the purest form of CBD, which is important if you are trying to avoid traces amounts of THC and other chemicals. Because Karibo sells hemp-derived CBD products, they naturally have a lower occurrence of THC, but CBD isolate contains none. Of course, isolate CBD can be used as an ingredient in other products, as well. 

While there are probably more similarities to the three types of CBD than differences, trace amounts of THC may get you in trouble if you have to pass a drug test and could even be illegal in some states. The following chart should be helpful to determine the differences. 

TYPE

CBD

THC

Terpenes

Flavanoids

Isolate

Yes

No

No

No

Full-Spectrum

Yes

Up to .3%

Yes

Yes

Broad-Spectrum

Yes

Trace Amounts

Yes

Yes

CBD Extraction Methods

There are several methods used for the extraction of CBD from cannabis and hemp plants. The process used could affect the purity of the CBD product and the type of CBD that’s produced. 

Steam Distillation

With this process the steam passes through the plant, drawing its oil along with it. The vapor condenses in a separate vessel and is then removed from the water. If hemp is the source material, this process will produce full-spectrum oil with a THC content lower than the .3 percent mandated by law. 

Solvent Extraction 

Utilizing an ethanol solvent, the manufacturers place the hemp plant into the liquid, which removes the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant matter. This process also strips chlorophyll from the plant matter, so an additional filtering process is required to remove it from the CBD. This can reduce the potency of the oil. 

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Method

While CO2 occurs as a gas in its natural state, it makes an ideal solvent for CBD extraction when converted to a liquid. The hemp plant is placed in the solvent and separates the oils from the plant. This method is cost-prohibitive because of the price involved in establishing a CO2 extraction operation and the low yield. The product, however, is safe and clean. 

Lipid Extraction

Lipid extraction employs the use of heat and pressure to extract the plant’s oil. Like the other extraction methods, the process removes CBD, terpenes, and flavanoids from the hemp plant. Trace amounts of THC can also be expected. 

Further Processing to Make CBD Isolate

After reviewing the most common CBD extraction methods, you may have correctly surmised that it requires further processing to turn broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD into isolate CBD. Even with a CBD-rich hemp base, some processes will still leave other chemicals in the oil. 

After the base oil is created, it goes through an additional process known as “winterization” because it is performed at subzero temperatures. The oil is dissolved in a solvent at extremely cold temperatures to further separate the fats, lipids, and chlorophyll, which rises to the top. The resulting product is 80-90 percent pure at this point. The oils are further purified through filtration and then distilled down to isolates. The isolate is finally tested for purity. 

CBD Frequently Asked Questions 

At Karibo, we know you have questions, and we’re the right place to come for answers. Here are some questions that many CBD users have about CBD and CBD products.

Why do some CBD producers favor hemp plants?

Like any business, CBD producers are interested in getting the biggest bang for their buck. The hemp plants we use have higher concentrations of CBD than cannabis plants, which means that we have a higher yield per plant than most breeds of cannabis plants. There is also the question of legality. Many states have laws against products containing THC, even in lower amounts. Using hemp plants, businesses like Karibo can increase profitability, enhance quality, and remain compliant with state laws and regulations. 

Is there a difference between cannabis CBD and hemp CBD?

At the molecular level, there is no difference between CBD from different types of plants. There are, however, differences between hemp oil and marijuana oil. Hemp oil has higher concentrations of CBD, which is why hemp is the favored plant in CBD production, particularly when it comes to CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD. 

What are the health benefits of CBD? 

For almost a century, the federal government heavily restricted research into CBD. While there is still much to learn about this miracle molecule, we know that CBD has been successfully used to reduce stress and anxiety, nausea, and pain caused by many conditions. For a more comprehensive view of the health benefits of CBD, click here

What are the ways to consume CBD? 

You can consume CBD in several ways, and Karibo offers various products to allow you to choose. Popular ways to use CBD include topical application through creams, gels, and roll-ons, orally via soft-gel tablets, or sublingually by placing a few drops under the tongue. No matter which way you choose, you will be ingesting the CBC molecule, so it’s a matter of personal preference and the benefits you’re expecting to achieve.  

Why Choose Karibo?

We believe that Karibo products are among the finest available in the United States. Here’s why:

Domestically-grown Non-GMO Hemp

The hemp we use in our products is grown in Colorado on farms that use organic practices. This gives us the ability to control the quality and purity of the CBD oil, which is the essential ingredient in all of our products. 

Clean Carbon Dioxide Extraction

If you have concerns about ingesting the harsh chemicals used in solvent practices, you’re not alone — we do, too. Karibo uses the preferred CO2 extraction method. This clean CBD extraction technique is also more environmentally friendly, as it avoids introducing chemical waste products back into the system. 

CGMP-certified Production Facilities 

Karibo CBD oil is processed in FDA-registered, cGMP-compliant facilities. We are concerned about purity and consistency throughout the manufacturing process. Employing these facilities ensures the quality of our CBD. 

Karibo has delivered tested, safe, and effective CBD products to consumers at an affordable price for years. Order some of our high-quality products today!