A Beginner's Guide to CBD

What is CBD? What are its benefits?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a natural compound found in the hemp plant. CBD oil, which does not have intoxicating effects, is extracted from the stem, stalk, leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. This helpful oil can then be used to support wellbeing via various wellness products, from ingestible tinctures, gummies and capsules to skin care and topical pain relief creams. Its benefits are widely touted to include supporting a sense of calm, a more restful sleep, increased focus, balanced skin and temporary relief from aches and pains.

But is it legal?

In 2018, the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (commonly known as the 2018 Farm Bill) legalized CBD that is derived from hemp and contains no more than 0.3% THC in all 50 states. While it is federally legal, some states do have their own set of rules.

Who should use it?

Any adult can use CBD products for its beneficial properties. Whether to support daily wellness or relieve localized pain, these wellness products have many applications for all age groups.

How do I know what kind is best to buy?

Just like anything in wellness, it’s really important to purchase your products from a reputable brand. For starters, make sure the brand’s products are 3rd-party tested to ensure the oil’s purity and that the label claims are legitimate. Also, it may be important to you to find out where the product is harvested and made, what other ingredients are included or what the extraction process involves. Find out how KARIBO’s products are made here. 

 Terms, Explained

Cannabis vs. Hemp vs. Marijuana

The cannabis plant (specifically, Cannabis sativa) has different species. Hemp and marijuana are two of its primary species. Hemp is naturally high in CBD and very low in THC. Marijuana is naturally high in THC and low in CBD. Placed side by side, marijuana and hemp look almost identical to the naked eye, hence all the confusion.

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are compounds found in the cannabis plant. There are at least 144 different cannabinoids from cannabis, exhibiting varied effects. CBD is one cannabinoid that has exhibited beneficial effects without psychoactive properties.

Hemp Oil vs. Hemp Seed Oil

Though they sound the same, hemp oil and hemp seed oil are very different. Hemp oil is synonymous with CBD oil, and is made from the stem, stalk, leaves and flowers of the hemp plant, which has a high cannabinoid content that is rich in CBD. One of the ways it is made is through an extraction process using C02. Hemp seed oil, on the other hand, is made by pressing hemp seeds together— similar to how olive oil or other seed oils are made—and has little to no CBD.

 Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The ECS is a complex, cell-signaling system that experts are still trying to fully understand. So far, we know it plays a role in a range of functions and processes including sleep, mood and skin. It involves three main components: endocannabinoids, receptors and enzymes. Endocannabinoids are molecules made by your body on an as-needed basis to keep internal functions running smoothly. Endocannabinoid receptors are found throughout your body. There are two main receptors called CB1, which are mostly found in the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord), and CB2, which are mostly found in your peripheral nervous system (throughout body). Endocannabinoids bind to the receptors and signal to the ECS to take action. Enzymes are then responsible for breaking down endocannabinoids once they’ve carried out their function.

Broad Spectrum

Broad-spectrum CBD means that it contains an array of compounds from the hemp plant, including terpenes (scent compounds similar to essential oils) and cannabinoids except for THC. With broad-spectrum, the THC has been removed. This is a great option for those who want to experience the “entourage effect”—where all of the different compounds work together to collectively offer you the most benefits from the hemp plant—but who do not want any THC in their system, whether for a sensitivity, drug test or general worry.

 Full Spectrum

The only difference between broad- and full-spectrum CBD is that full-spectrum retains all of the hemp plant compounds including <0.3% THC after extraction, offering a true “entourage effect.”

Isolate

CBD isolate means it is pure cannabidiol extract without the other compounds from the cannabis plant, such as terpenes, other cannabinoids or flavonoids (color compounds that have additional benefits). Making CBD an isolate is part of a rigorous extraction and purification process to remove it from all of its other compounds

Terpenes

They are natural compounds that are found in plants, trees, fruits, herbs and flowers. These fragrant chemicals, also known as hydrocarbons, help give certain foods and plants their smell. Think of a grapefruit’s citrusy smell; a Christmas tree’s earthy aroma; ginger’s spicy fragrance—terpenes help make them smell that way. Terpenes also give the hemp plant its unique aroma.

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